This how-to tutorial was created by BuyVM. We offer affordable and reliable Dedicated KVM Slices with features other hosting companies don't have, like Anycast, DDoS filtering, Offloaded MySQL, and Stallion our control panel.
Tutorial: IPIP tunneling from your BuyVM DDoS Filtered VPS IP
What is a IPIP tunnel?
Much like a proxy, a IPIP tunnel allows you to pass traffic from your BuyVM VPS including DDoS filtering to another remote destination.
IPIP tunnels allow all traffic through, not just HTTP. With a IPIP tunnel you can serve, and deliver any type of content from any type of server (audio, FTP, SSH, SCP, video, etc.).
What can your use a IPIP tunnel for?
IPIP tunneling is very handy when you want to use our DDoS filtering services to protect services that are too large to host with us (I.e. game servers, Java applications, large database driven applications, etc.).
IPIP tunneling is also the only tunneling method that OVH supports in their included kernels.
Don't have root access for your destination server or are running a huge Windows deployment? Check out our alternative method to redirect traffic to your remote server.
IPIP Tunnel How-to Tutorial Begins Here
Our how-to tutorial to setup a IPIP tunnel between BuyVM DDoS filtered VPS IP and your remote server starts here.
Following the simple instructions below you should be able to create a IPIP tunnel in under 20 minutes.
Supported Operating Systems
It is possible to use Windows to create, and forward your IPIP tunnel.
In this document we'll only be covering a Linux IPIP tunnel configuration.
This guide will work 100% on a BuyVM KVM Slice.
- iptables installed on your BuyVM VPS (included already in most cases)
- iproute2 (included with pretty much every recent Linux distribution)
- A kernel with IPIP support (Linux includes this by default -
- A list of ports you need forwarded to your destination
- A BuyVM DDoS filtered IP ($3.00/m per IP)
First we need to set our tunnel up.
On your BuyVM VPS please execute the following commands:
echo 'net.ipv4.ip_forward=1' >> /etc/sysctl.conf sysctl -p iptunnel add ipip1 mode ipip local YOUR_UNFILTERED_IP remote DESTINATION_SERVER_IP ttl 255 ip addr add 192.168.168.1/30 dev ipip1 ip link set ipip1 up
On the remote server you wish to protect run the following:
iptunnel add ipip1 mode ipip local DESTINATION_SERVER_IP remote YOUR_UNFILTERED_IP ttl 255 ip addr add 192.168.168.2/30 dev ipip1 ip link set ipip1 up
Please note the first line of each changes to mark what IP to use locally and which remotely. The 2nd line documents each end point. In a /30, 2 IP's are usable: .1 and .2.
Test your New IPIP Tunnel with Ping
On your BuyVM VPS, you should now be able to ping
For the sake of completeness, test pinging
192.168.168.1 from your destination server.
Setup Source Route Tables
Source route entries are required to make sure data that came in via the IPIP tunnel is sent back out the IPIP tunnel.
Please execute the following commands on the destination server.
echo '100 BUYVM' >> /etc/iproute2/rt_tables ip rule add from 192.168.168.0/30 table BUYVM ip route add default via 192.168.168.1 table BUYVM
Please note that the echo command only needs to be ran once. The entry will be saved into /etc/iproute2/rt_tables until you remove it manually.
Initial NAT Entries to Move Data over IPIP Tunnel
NAT is used to pass data over our IPIP and out the other end.
While it would be possible to use a KVM based VPS with a purchased /29 allocation, this guide doesn't cover that.
On your BuyVM VPS run the following command:
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 192.168.168.0/30 -j SNAT --to-source YOUR_FILTERED_IP
Test Outbound Connections
On your destination server you can run either of the following commands to see if the tunnel is passing traffic properly:
curl http://www.cpanel.net/showip.cgi --interface 192.168.168.2
wget http://www.cpanel.net/showip.cgi --bind-address=192.168.168.2 -q -O -
The IP dumped should be your BuyVM filtered IP.
Forwarding Ports Over your IPIP Tunnel
To make things easy, we'll forward all ports from our filtered IP to the backend server. You can change this rule to only forward certain ports if you like.
Please adjust, and run the following commands on your BuyVM VPS:
iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -d YOUR_FILTERED_IP -j DNAT --to-destination 192.168.168.2 iptables -A FORWARD -d 192.168.168.2 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
The first rule sets up the actual port forwarding and the second rule makes sure that connections get NAT'd, and matched back properly.
At this point you should be able to connect to
YOUR_FILTERED_IP and the destination port with your application and get passed through the IPIP tunnel without issue.
Restarting your IPIP Tunnel After Rebooting
You can edit
/etc/rc.local with your favourite editor of choice (or WINSCP even) and place all the commands we just ran before the
exit 0 at the bottom.
Your distribution of choice (like Debian) may have hooks in
/etc/network/interfaces to bring your IPIP tunnels up at boot time but that's outside the scope of this guide.